The SHA series of algorithms stand for “Secure Hash Algorithm” they were developed by NIST. Due to the avalanche effect even a small change in the data to be encrypted will probably result in a very different hash string. Because the SHA algorithms show signs of the avalanche effect they are believed to have quite a good randomization feature.

The pigpen cipher (sometimes called the masonic cipher or Freemason’s cipher) is a simple substitution cipher exchanging letters for symbols based on a grid. The scheme was developed and used by the Freemasons in the early 1700s for record keeping and correspondence. Mar 02, 2020 · Its exceptional speed, flexibility, and security make its name among the best encryption algorithms. 4) Twofish. Twofish is a brainchild of the same designer of Blowfish, Bruce Schneier. This algorithm utilizes block ciphering and is symmetric in nature. Being symmetric means, it uses the same key for enciphering and deciphering. The monoalphabetic substitution cipher is one of the most popular ciphers among puzzle makers. Each letter is substituted by another letter in the alphabet. If it contains word boundaries (spaces and punctuation), it is called an Aristocrat. The more difficult variant, without word boundaries, is called a Patristocrat. Jun 17, 2020 · The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is the trusted standard algorithm used by the United States government, as well as other organizations. Although extremely efficient in the 128-bit form, AES also uses 192- and 256-bit keys for very demanding encryption purposes. The largest successful publicly known brute-force attack against a widely implemented block-cipher encryption algorithm was against a 64-bit RC5 key by distributed.net in 2006. [14] The key space increases by a factor of 2 for each additional bit of key length, and if every possible value of the key is equiprobable, this translates into a

## Hashing vs Encryption¶ Hashing and encryption are two terms that are often confused or used incorrectly. The key difference between them is that hashing is a one way function (i.e, it is not possible to "decrypt" a hash and obtain the original value), whereas encryption is a two-way function.

Cipher suites are collections of these algorithms that can work together to perform the handshake and the encryption/decryption that follows. At the outset of the connection both parties share a list of supported cipher suites and then decide on the most secure, mutually supported suite.